Curriculum Vitae (English)

This page is no longer being maintained. For an up-to-date version, please check:

Personal data

Name: Ernesto Fagundes Galvão
Associate Professor
Instituto de Física – UFF
Campus da Praia Vermelha
Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza s/nº.
Gragoatá, Niterói, 24210-340, RJ, Brasil

email: ernesto at
Nationality: Brazilian


1998-2002 D.Phil. (Ph.D.) degree, University of Oxford.
Thesis title: 'Foundations of quantum theory and quantum information applications'
Advisor: Dr. Lucien Hardy

1996-1998 Master‘s degree in physics, Quantum Optics.
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Dissertation title: ‘Dynamical Casimir effect with partially reflecting mirrors‘
Advisor: Dr. Paulo Américo Maia Neto

1992-1996. Bachelor degree in physics. Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


[22] Niko Viggianiello, Fulvio Flamini, Luca Innocenti, Daniele Cozzolino, Marco Bentivegna, Nicolò Spagnolo, Andrea Crespi, Daniel J. Brod, Ernesto F. Galvão, Roberto Osellame, Fabio Sciarrino. Experimental generalized quantum suppression law in Sylvester interferometers. New Journal of Physics 20, 033017(2018). Preprint arXiv:1705.08650 [quant-ph] (2017).
[21] André L. Oestereich and E. F. Galvão, Reliable computation from contextual correlations. Phys. Rev. A 96, 062305 (2017). Preprint arXiv:1706.09757 [quant-ph].
[20] W. F. Balthazar, C. E. R. Souza, D. P. Caetano, E. F. Galvão, J. A. O. Huguenin, A. Z. Khoury. Tripartite non-separability in classical optics. Optics Letters 41 (24), pp. 5797-5800 (2016). Preprint arXiv:1511.02265 [quant-ph].
[19] B. Pinheiro da Silva, M. Astigarreta Leal, C. E. R. Souza, E. F. Galvão, A. Z. Khoury. Laser beam mode transfer via a classical analogue of quantum teleportation. B Pinheiro da Silva et al 2016 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49 055501 (2016). Preprint arXiv:1509.06826 [quant-ph].
[18] Marco Bentivegna, Nicolò Spagnolo, Chiara Vitelli, Fulvio Flamini, Niko Viggianiello, Ludovico Latmiral, Paolo Mataloni, Daniel J. Brod, Ernesto F. Galvão, Andrea Crespi, Roberta Ramponi, Roberto Osellame, Fabio Sciarrino. Experimental scattershot boson sampling. Science Advances 1 (3), e1400255. DOI
[17]M. Bentivegna, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, D. J. Brod, A. Crespi, F. Flamini, R. Ramponi, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, E. F. Galvão, F. Sciarrino. Bayesian approach to Boson Sampling validation. Int. J. Quantum Inform. 12, 1560028 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S021974991560028X
[16] N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, M. Bentivegna, D. J. Brod, A. Crespi, F. Flamini, S. Giacomini, G. Milani, R. Ramponi, P. Mataloni, R. Osellame, E. F. Galvao, F. Sciarrino. Experimental validation of photonic boson sampling. Nature Photonics 8, 615–620 (2014).
[15] N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, L. Sansoni, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvao, A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, General Rules for Bosonic Bunching in Multimode Interferometers. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 130503 (2013). Preprint arXiv:1305.3188 [quant-ph].
[14] Dias da Silva R., Galvão E. F., Compact quantum circuits from one-way quantum computation. Phys. Rev. A 88, 012319 (2013). Preprint arXiv:1209.5079 [quant-ph].
[13] A. Crespi, R. Osellame, R. Ramponi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvao, N. Spagnolo, C. Vitelli, E. Maiorino, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, Integrated multimode interferometers with arbitrary designs for photonic boson sampling, Nature Photonics (2013), DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2013.112. Preprint arXiv:1212.2783.
[12] Brod D. J., Galvão E. F.Geometries for universal quantum computation with matchgates. Phys. Rev. A 86, 052307 (2012).
[11] Brod, Daniel J., Galvão E. F., Extending matchgates into universal quantum computation. Phys. Rev. A 84, 022310 (2011).
[10] Dias da Silva R., Galvão E. F., Kashefi E. Closed timelike curves in measurement-based quantum computation. Phys. Rev. A 83, 012316 (2011).
[9] Galvão E. F. Economical ontological models for discrete quantum systems. Phys. Rev. A 80, 022106 (2009).
[8] A. Casaccino, E. F. Galvão, S. Severini, Extrema of discrete Wigner functions and applications, Phys. Rev. A 78, 022310 (2008).
[7] Cormick C., Galvão E. F., Gottesman D., Paz J. P., and Pittenger A. O. Classicality in discrete Wigner functions. Phys. Rev. A 73, 012301 (2006).
[6] Galvão E. F. Discrete Wigner functions and quantum computational speedup. Phys. Rev. A 71, 042302 (2005).
[5] Galvão E. F., and Hardy, L. Substituting a qubit for an arbitrarily large number of classical bits. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 087902 (2003).
[4] Galvão E.F. Feasible quantum communication complexity protocol. Phys. Rev. A 65, 012318 (2002).
[3] Galvão E. F., Plenio M. B. and Virmani S. Tripartite entanglement and quantum relative entropy. J. Phys. A 33, 8809 (2000).
[2] Galvão E. F., and Hardy, L. Cloning and quantum computation. Phys. Rev. A 62, 022301 (2000).
[1] Galvão, E. F., and Hardy, L. Building multiparticle states with teleportation. Phys. Rev. A 62, 012309 (2000).


[26] D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, N. Viggianiello, F. Flamini, N. Spagnolo, F. Sciarrino. Witnessing genuine multi-photon indistinguishability. ArXiv:1804.01334 [quant-ph].
[25] N. Viggianiello, F. Flamini, M. Bentivegna, N. Spagnolo, A. Crespi, D. J. Brod, E. F. Galvão, R. Osellame, F. Sciarrino. Optimal photonic indistinguishability tests in multimode networks. ArXiv:1710.03578 [quant-ph].
[24] Galvão E. F. Experimental requirements for quantum communication complexity. Preprint quant-ph/0009014.
[23] E. F. Galvão, Foundations of quantum theory and quantum information applications, D.Phil. (PhD) thesis, University of Oxford, 2002. Preprint arXiv:quant-ph/0212124.


“O que é computação quântica?“, Ernesto F. Galvão (in Portuguese). Coleção Ciência no Bolso, Editora Vieira&Lent (2007).

Scholarships, grants and prizes

2016-2019 CNPq Productivity in Research Grant, level 2.
2016 Former PhD student Daniel J. Brod awarded honourific mention at José Leite Lopes Prize for best PhD thesis in physics awarded in 2014 (Brazilian Physics Society).
2011 Teacher Homage recipient at the 2011.1 and 2011.2 graduation ceremonies for the IF-UFF Physics classes.
2011 Co-organizer of the III Quantum Information School and Workshop - Paraty 2011. I was the coordinator of the APQ2/FAPERJ grant (total value: approx. 10000 reais).
2007 Co-organizer of the Paraty07 Quantum Information School/Workshop. I was the coordinator of the CLAF and APQ2/FAPERJ grants (total value: approx. 14000 reais).
2006 FAPERJ grant Programa Primeiros Projetos. Value: R$12500.
2006 CAPES PRODOC post-doctoral scholarship.
2005-2006 CNPq junior postdoctoral scholarship.
2005 Approved in selection process (`concurso´) for assistant professor at IF-UFF.
2004 Approved in selection process (`concurso´) for assistant professor at the UNICAMP Physics Institute. 10 a 12/2/2004.
2002-2005 Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics.
1999 - 2001 Overseas Research Students (ORS) Award from Universities UK (worth roughly £12000).
1998 - 2002 Ph.D. scholarship for study abroad from the Brazilian agency Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES).
1996 - 1998 Master‘s degree scholarship from CAPES.
1995 Tutorship scholarship, PUC-Rio.
1992-1995 Full tuition Academic Performance scholarship, PUC-Rio.
1992-1994 Undergraduate Research Programme scholarship (´Iniciação Científica´) by the Brazilian agency Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CnPq).

Teaching and academic supervision

2016- supervision of doctorate student Allan Tosta.
2014-2015 supervision of undergrad student Lucas Lima (undergrad research project).
2013-2015 supervision of students André Oestereich (Master's degree), and Bárbara Santos and Allan Tosta in undergrad research projects.
2009 - 2013 - supervision of doctorate student Daniel Brod.
2008-2013 supervision of doctorate student Raphael Silva.
2008-2009 supervision of postdoc Rômulo Abreu.
2005- Taught Physics XIX (Engineering) and Physics XX (Physics) at IF-UFF. Taught Quantum Information and Quantum Computation I (graduate) in 2007.2, and Quantum Mechanics II (undergrad) in 2008.1, 2008.2, 2009.1. Quantum Mechanics I (undergrad) in 2009.2.
2003-2004 Co-supervision of undergraduate research project of student Aissa Stein, University of Waterloo (with Lee Smolin).
2002 Co-supervised award-winning summer project of student Hilary Greaves at Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford (with Lucien Hardy).
2000, 2001 Tutor in two one-week long physics courses for gifted A-level (secondary) students. Villiers Park Educational Trust.
1995 Volunteer tutor for poor students aiming at passing the university entrance exam. André Maurois school, Rio de Janeiro.
1995 Tutor for “Physics for Arts” course at PUC-Rio.
1995 Tutor in exercise classes for basic physics course (Physics II), PUC-Rio.

Other professional activities

2016 Short course “Ingredients for universal quantum computation”, Universidade Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), October 2017.
2016 Short course “Ingredients for universal quantum computation”, Concepción Summer Physics School (Concepción, Chile, January 2016).
2015 Short course “Ingredients for universal quantum computation”, V Paraty Quantum Information School (Paraty, August 2015).
2011 Short course “Introdução à Informação Quântica” at the I Semana da Física do Instituto de Física de São Carlos (USP). 3h30 of classes, 19/10/2011.
2010 Short course “Introdução à Informação Quântica” at the XII Escola de Verão Jorge André Swieca de Ótica Quântica e Ótica Não Linear - 25/1 to 5/2, 2010, IF-UFF.
2004 Monthly columns on science for the ´Sexta Livre´ program of Radio Centre-Ville, Montréal, Canada (in Portuguese).
2003 Keynote speaker at the Young Physicists of Canada program, Perimeter Institute (Canada), August.
2003 Co-organizer of the first Perimeter Institute quantum information workshop (with Ivette Fuentes Guridi). March 25th.
2002 Participation in the 30-minute CKCO-TV (Ontario) program “The big questions“, explaining relativity and quantum theory to school students. First broadcast on Dec 1st, 2002.
2000-Referee for the journals Physical Review A, Physical Review Letters, Quantum Information and Computation, Journal of Physics A, Physics Letters A.
1999-2002 Junior Member of the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (University of Cambridge).
1999- Various talks at University of Oxford, Cambridge, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, PUC-Rio, Perimeter Institute, University of Waterloo, Buenos Aires University, Fluminense Federal University, Minas Gerais Federal University, UNICAMP, Brazilian Center for Physical Research (CBPF).
1994-1995 President of the Maths, Chemistry and Physics student society at PUC-Rio.

Conferences, seminars and workshops

2017 Workshop “Quantum correlations, contextuality and all that, again and again”, International Institute of Physics, Natal. Invited talk: “Reliable computation from contextual correlations” (Nov. 20-24).
2016 XXXIX Encontro Nacional de Física da Matéria Condensada. Invited talk: Quantum computation with photonic chips.
2015 Workshop PICQUE Roma Scientific School 2015. Talk: Boson Sampling - a bit of theory.
2015 Workshop “Quantum Correlations, Contextuality, and All That Again”, International Institute of Physics, Natal. Invited talk: “Computing with contextual correlations”.
2015 V Paraty Quantum Information Workshop. Talk: Amostragem bosônica em chips fotônicos.
2015 XXXVIII Encontro Nacional de Física da Matéria Condensada. Invited talk: Boson Sampling in integrated photonic chips.
2014 Meeting: O Pote de Ouro de Bell - 50 anos das desigualdades de Bell. Invited talk: Não-localidade além da mecânica quântica.
2014 Talk “Boson Sampling in photonic chips” na conferência Quantum Optics VII - Mar del Plata, Argentina (outubro).
2014 Invited talk at 1-day symposium “O Pote de Ouro de Bell - 50 anos das desigualdades de Bell”, CBPF, 5/12/2014.
2013 Seminário convidado no workshop “Quantum information seen through closed timelike curves”, Fondation des Treilles, França (junho).
2013 Invited talk at the “Quantum information seen through closed timelike curves” workhop in France, Fondation des Treilles (June).
2013 Invited talk at the Quantum Information Workshop - Paraty 2013 (Paraty, Brazil, August).
2011 Poster at Quantum Information Processing Workshop - QIP2012, Montréal, Canada, December.
2011 Talk at the 5th Feynman Festival (May), Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil.
2010 Talk at the Workshop on Quantum Algorithms, Computational Models and Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (QAMF), Vancouver, Canada, 23-25/7/2010.
2010 Poster presentation at Quantum Information Processing Workshop (QIP) 2010, Zurich, Switzerland.
2009 Invited speaker at the XV Escola Regional de Informática - Paraná, with talks in Curitiba and Bandeirantes.
2009 Invited speaker at SEMISH 2009, part of the XXIX Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Computação.
2009 Talk at Paraty09 - Quantum Information Workshop.
2008 Poster presentation at Quantum Optics IV - Florianópolis.
2006 Talk at the Young Researchers Symposium of the International Congress on Mathematical Physics - ICMP 2006. IMPA, Rio de Janeiro, 04/08 to 11/08.
2006 Talk at the Workshop on Theory and Technology in Quantum Information, Communication, Computation and Cryptography, Trieste, 19-23rd June.
2005 Talk at the Quantum Physics of Nature & 6th European QIPC Workshop, Vienna. May 22nd-26th.
2004 Quantum Information Theory: Present Status and Future Directions workshop, Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge (U.K.), 23-27 August.
2004 Quantum computing, Quantum Information, Quantum Gravity workshop, Perimeter Institute, Waterloo (Canada), February 23-27th.
2004 QIP 2004 - The Seventh Workshop on Quantum Information Processing. Waterloo, Canada, January 15-19th.
2003 Pan American Advanced Studies Institute on the Physics of Information, Búzios, Brazil, December 4-9th.
2003 Quantum Information and Communication workshop in the Benasque Center for Science, Spain, June 22 - July 13.
2002 Talk at the IUPAP International Conference on “Quantum Entanglement, Complexity and the Physical Basis for Quantum Computation“, CBPF, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, December 2-6.
2002 Poster presentation at the EURESCO Conference on quantum information: quantum entanglement. San Feliu de Guixols, Spain, March 23-28.
2002 Poster presentation at the International Conference on Quantum information: conceptual foundations. University of Oviedo, Spain, July 13-18.
2002 Poster presentation at QRANDOM II Conference at the Max Planck Institute- Dresden (27/01 to 02/02).
2001 Talk in open session of Fourth Workshop on Quantum Information Processing. CWI, Amsterdam, January 9-12.
2000 Poster presentation at Fifth International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement & Computing. Capri, Italy, July 3-8.
1999 8th U.K. Foundations of Physics meeting. 13/9 to 17/9/1999.
1999 Newton Institute workshop on Complexity, Computation and the Physics of Information (Cambridge). 5/7 to 17/7/99.
1998 Jorge André Swieca Summer School on Quantum and non-linear Optics (São Carlos, Brazil). 05/01/1998 to 16/01/1998.
1996,1997 Two summer courses at the Mathematics Department, PUC-Rio, on Information Theory and Discrete Mathematics. 12/02/96 to 16/02/96, 17/02/97 to 28/02/97.
1993,1995 Lafex International Schools on High Energy Physics (LISHEP‘93 and LISHEP‘95), organized by LAFEX - CBPF. 24/01/93 to 13/02/93 and 06/02/95 to 22/02/95.
1992-1994 Pursued an undergraduate research project in the High-Energy Physics and Cosmology Laboratory of the Brazilian Centre for Physical Research (LAFEX- CBPF).


Native Portuguese speaker, fluent English. Basic French and Spanish.